With Growing industrialization, there is going to be rapid increase in energy consumption. This vast amount of energy can be met only at huge costs both financial and political and also without saying Environmental. India imports around 80% of its oil and 18% of its natural gas requirements. India imported 202 million tonnes of oil in 2015 .India’s energy demand growth is expected to outpace that of Russia and China. Thus India’s energy import bill which is around $150 billion and is expected to reach $300 billion by 2030. Therefore now apart from launching 104 satellites at one go, launching heavier and heavier GSLVs ,planning for manned missions to Moon, Mars and beyond, ISRO is also working on a plan to help India meet its energy needs. It may be noted that this premier Establishment has till date launched 225 satellites for India and many other countries.
Earlier ISRO had enabled indigenous manufacture of Stents for hearts at fraction of the cost of an imported one. Now the Indian Space Research Organization ISRO will be going full blast in taking the lead in providing energy security to the country. ISRO will soon be enabling commercial roll out of lithium-ion batteries. This comes in the backdrop of successful testing of lithium-ion batteries developed by Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre by the Automotive Research Association of India .The government is now planning to transfer the technology to companies for commercial production of these batteries. This is also expected to provide a fillip to India’s electric vehicles manufacturing on a large commercial scale, so as to reduce petroleum import and also reduce pollution. In a written reply to the Lok Sabha in March, Minister of State in charge of atomic energy and space Jitendra Singh said that technology for transfer to Indian industries for undertaking the production of Li-ion batteries was ready. BHEL expressed interest in the transfer of technology and would carry out production.
Next ISRO plans to mine Helium-3 rich lunar dust, generate energy and transport it back to Earth by 2030 time plan. Isro’s lunar dust mine plans were revealed by Dr Sivathanu Pillai, professor at the space agency, in February. Speaking at a conference in New Delhi, the former chief of Brahmos Aerospace said that mining lunar dust was a priority programme for ISRO. This lunar dust mining plan comes in the backdrop of India’s plan to cut down import dependence in hydrocarbons by 10 percentage points by 2022.
This should put to rest all debates going on in the world and even India regarding expenditure on Space exploration , starting the first launching of a rocket from Thumba, coming down to the planet Mangal Probe.